Added: Corby Quick - Date: 14.09.2021 05:52 - Views: 16004 - Clicks: 2062
For many descendants, the past is still present. They explain how the legacy of the massacre, which was suppressed for so long, lives on today. E arlier this month, the three known survivors of the Tulsa massacre testified in Congress about the world they lost when a white mob burned their thriving community to the ground. After being willfully suppressed from the national memory for close to a century, in many ways the history of the massacre is now more visible than ever — in mediapopular culture and even the US Capitol.
But this history, and the question of who has the right to tell it, remain contested. That is true even in Tulsa itself, where Black Tulsans say official centennial commemorations have obscured its lingering effects on their community and failed to meaningfully involve descendants of survivors and victims. We wanted to hear directly from those descendants about how the massacre affected their families, in and to this day. A of themes emerge from the responses we received. One is the culture of silence that long surrounded the massacre.
Another is a sense of pride over their links to such a historic locus of Black prosperity. And yet another is a deep loss, over the relatives killed and displaced, the community erased and the wealth eradicated — wealth that could have changed the course of entire generations.
My grandparents, an aunt and an uncle were survivors of the massacre. My grandparents were land owners as well as business owners. I did not hear about the race massacre until I was well into my adult years, probably my 40s. My grandmother, Daisy Scott, was a political cartoonist for the Tulsa Star. My grandfather, Jack Scott, was a professional boxer and one of the men who went down to the courthouse to protect Dick Rowland. A very brave man! This massacre affected our family in terms of generational wealth. My grandparents owned land on Greenwood Place that was taken by the city of Tulsa to build the University of Oklahoma.
Land never depreciates and it would have given our family members a running start. He was not given a last name during his servitude and adopted the surname Stradford. Julius instilled his education and ethic values on to his son. Consequently, JB Stradford put emphasis on education, acquiring a law degree from Indiana University, and became an advocate for himself and others.
After commencement, they moved to Kentucky. He became a college principal and proprietor of a barbershop. After witnessing a lynching in Kentucky, Indiana was their next stop. JB opened another barbershop and became a bicycle retailer. After hearing of business opportunities and growing Black towns in Oklahoma, he decided to move there in Bertie died unexpectedly shortly before the move.
JB arrived in Tulsa on 9 Marchand eight months later, oil drillers hit a primary gusher not far from Tulsa. Tulsa became a boomtown and the Black labor force was plentiful and well in demand. Five years after his arrival in Tulsa, he met and married his second wife, Augusta L, in His independent projects included the Stradford Hotel, his crown jewel, at N Greenwood, along with considerable other rental property, land lots and an apartment building. For his part in trying to protect Dick Rowlandmy great-grandfather was said to be the instigator of the riot and was arrested.
With few resources, he was able to escape to his brother in Kansas. From there, he ed his son, a lawyer, in Chicago. He died in at the age of 74 and remained embittered due to the loss and horrors he witnessed and endured.
We acknowledge our African heritage and continue the legacy of self-improvement and personal growth through determination, passed down. In75 years after the Tulsa race massacre, JB Stradford was exonerated for all wrongdoings in the Tulsa race riot accusations, against JB Stradford. Some of my not-too-distant relatives were both survivors and victims of the Tulsa race riots. He was shot in the stomach and bled out, finally dying on 2 June His father, Captain TD Jackson, rode on horseback for five days so that he could bury his son in Guthrie.
Capt Jackson did not want his son to suffer the final indignity that most other victims and families experienced; most deceased Black people were thrown into the Arkansas River. It was said that white citizens threatened Black funeral homes with death and destruction if they funeralized any Black victims. My other relatives were survivors of the riots. HA Guess, a prominent Tulsa attorney and my great-grandfather, hid out in his chicken coop while his wife, Minnie Mae, hid under the family home with her daughters. Their house was about to be torched until a white citizen threatened to prosecute these would-be marauders.
The loss resulting from the riots is incalculable. Dr Jackson was on the cusp of greatness. Had he lived, he could have created some breakthrough treatments for infectious diseases. He saved my aunt Wilhelmenia from scarlet fever when she was just eight years old. My family never really talked about the riots. Perhaps it was just too painful to talk about. Our children have just become aware of this tragedy and are eager to know more. Right now, my family is on a quest to leave no stone unturned in our research on the lives of Dr Jackson and other family members.
To honor him, we placed a tombstone on his grave in Tulsa some years ago. None of us were left unscathed by Tulsa; none of us will be left unscathed from recent events either. I am 61 years old. Mr Emerson was a prominent businessman who purchased and developed large tracts of land in the city of Tulsa during the s. The Emerson family left Tennessee and migrated to Arkansas and then later on into the Indian Territories, in present day Logan county, Oklahoma.
It was there that the family set up shop with a mercantile business in The store and its building provided goods to area farmers and the growing city of nearby Guthrie. John built, developed and became the proprietor of the Emerson Hotel on Greenwood Avenue. As the massacre unfolded in the early morning hours of 31 MayJohn and his daughter took shelter, hiding under the railroad tracks. When the time came that they felt safe enough, they found their way home to a ruined Emerson Hotel. It had been ransacked.
Following the Tulsa race massacre, John erected a second hotel on the corner of Lansing and Pine streets. This newer hotel provided storefronts at the street level and hotel rooms on the upper floor. He also started the Bluebird Cab Company in John expanded his financial portfolio by constructing over homes in the Tulsa area. He also owned a large working cattle farm. He had five children. His contributions before and following the Tulsa race massacre were instrumental to its initial growth and the rebuilding following the destruction.
I just learned about the massacre within the last 15 years. It was omitted from the textbooks and forbidden to talk about for decades. The Black wealth that existed before the race massacre is no longer in Tulsa. North Tulsa, where the majority of Blacks reside, has been a food desert for over a decade. The life expectancy is far less for Blacks than whites.
There are no hospitals in the community. To see how the massacre has affected our community, you just need to look at north Tulsa. My great-aunt Janie Edwards was in the Dreamland Theater on a secret date when the massacre happened. She was able to escape with her date and ran to the nearby town of Claremore.
It took her eight years before she mustered up the courage to go back to Tulsa. One day while watching TV, I heard former state representative Don Ross talk about the history of Greenwood and the massacre. It was at that moment when I realized this was the story I heard as about my Aunt Janie. I knew then what I was meant to do. The Tulsa race massacre has directly affected my family and community in more ways than one. It has had ripple effects spanning from the judicial system, loss of land, loss of homes, loss of businesses.
Racial discrimination in home appraisals and gentrification have continued to help destroy Greenwood and the Black community here in Tulsa. To address this history, we need reparations in the form of cash and land. Simultaneously, we need policies to end racial discrimination in home appraisals and lending and to support Black businesses, health and education. After the centennial of the Tulsa race massacre, the cameras will go away, journalists will go to the next popular story, but I will still be here.
I will never stop fighting for my community or my ancestors. This has never been about photo ops or fame for me. Right around the time I enrolled in undergrad, my grandmother gave me a manuscript written by her great-grandfather, JB British guy looking for dates whilst in tulsa. It was by reading this memoir that I understood a part of family history that I had only heard about in passing — the Tulsa race massacre that had destroyed our family business and criminalized our patriarch, JB Stradford.
I know how lucky I am to have this family history passed down from generation to generation. This is the one thing that was not stolen from us. His hotel, the room Stradford Hotel on historic Greenwood Avenue, was sacked and burned to the ground during the Tulsa massacre ofalong with 44 square blocks of Black-owned property, causing him British guy looking for dates whilst in tulsa flee to Kansas and later to Chicago in order to save his life. He was falsely indicted for inciting the riot by an inflamed white grand jury for daring to stand up, with his community, to stop a mob from breaking into a jail and lynching a Black man, which is what began the massacre.
The history of theft from my Black community continues to this day in many overt and insidious forms, including for example through the historic redlining of Black communities and under-valuing of Black homes during appraisals. Like compound interest, this theft compounds exponentially over time. Extra-judicial killings continue, both by police and civilian whites, as in the case of Ahmaud Arbery, because both groups are still indoctrinated on some level to believe that Black people are more property than brothers to them. My grandparents were Jack and Daisy Scott.
Jack in his younger years was a professional boxer and worked as a janitor.British guy looking for dates whilst in tulsa
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